18.9.2021 | 06:35
Although industrially production food may seem cheap, it is very expensive. Recent estimates show that the hidden costs of our food. System range from US$12 trillion up to US$20 trillion per year. These staggering numbers include the devastating human rights and environmental. Impacts of food and the poor health that is caused by unhealthy eating habits. These costs are approximately twice the economic value of the global agricultural system.
It is difficult to feed eight billion people healthy and sustainable food by 2030. It is crucial to transform food systems that cause tens of trillions in environmental. And health damages, in order to realize human rights.
The planetary environment emergency is driven largely by industrial food production. Global greenhouse gas emissions are between 21 and 37 percent of global food systems. They also account for 70 to 75% of water consumption and 80 to 90% of pollution. Causing marine dead zones and eutrophication.
Aquaculture and agriculture are the main threats to 85 percent of species that are threatened with extinction. 30% of all infectious diseases that are transmitted to humans by wildlife or livestock is caused by deforestation. This includes soy, palm oil, and beef. Food loss and waste are two of the main causes of environmental problems. An estimated 30% of all food is never consumed.
Impacts Skyrocketing Production
The negative environmental effects of food systems are increasing due to rising wealth. Population growth, and the dominance of input intensive industrial agriculture. Synthetic fertilizer usage has risen by more than 800% since 1960. The number of meat products has increased by more than 500 percent. Globally, unhealthy diets are the leading cause of premature death.
There is enough food produce each year to provide sufficient nutrition for all. However, a lot of it is waste, fed to livestock or use to make non-food products like biofuels. Two billion people don’t have adequate access to safe, nutritious, and sufficient food. 700-800 million are suffering from hunger every day. More than 2 billion people are obese or overweight.
High-income and middle-income countries have high levels of animal protein, and an increasing number of nutrient-poor, ultra-processed foods. Obesity, diabetes, and other non-communicable illnesses are all caused by unhealthy diets. Industrial food systems have negative environmental effects and can lead to unhealthy diets. That interfere with many human rights including the right to food, water, life, and development.
Rights And Obligations Production
Governments should adopt a rights-based approach for all food-relate. Laws and policies in order to prevent adverse impacts on the environment and human rights. The rights-base approach should be centre on the right of food and the right for healthy environments. This approach would clarify the responsibilities of government and businesses, encourage ambitious actions. Prioritize progress for the most marginalized and vulnerable communities, and involve people in the design and implementation of solutions.
All food systems are not equal in their contribution to environmental degradation or human rights violations. There are many production methods and many diets. The type of food and the method of production will impact how much water. Pesticides and synthetic fertilizers are use, as well as other environmental impacts. Dairy and meat are the most environmentally-impactful food products. Agroecology, a holistic approach that integrates ecological principles and social equity to food systems, offers healthier and more sustainable practices.
Experts call for transformational changes in food systems to ensure just, sustainable and healthy outcomes. According to the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge. Science and Technology for Development, the world’s agricultural systems must change dramatically. If it is to be able to feed its growing population and combat climate change.
It Is Not An Option
There are many proven ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, increase carbon sinks and alleviate water shortages. There are many benefits to many solutions, including the fact that pesticides can be reduce for soil, biodiversity, and human health.
The above changes are important, but not enough. To fulfill the right to food and to a healthy environment, it is necessary to reduce inequalities, promote healthy diets, cut food waste, and transform governance to make it more participative, preventive, and proactive.
Economic reforms are also essential. Food-relate subsidies worth over US$600 billion that threaten sustainability should be re-purpose. They should support smallholders (farms of less than 2 hectares), innovation, agroecology, and sustainable production practices.
A clear path to just and sustainable food systems is possible by prioritizing the rights of food and the health environment. It is not an option for government; it is an obligation.